“By pooling their zones of protection of fauna, five countries of the south of Africa have just set up the biggest wildlife sanctuary in the world. This initiative will allow to assure protection of about the half of the elephants living on the continent too often in the grip of poaching.”
Zone of cross-border protection Kavango Zambezi
The Zone of cross-border protection Kavango Zambezi or “KAZA” is the vastest international wildlife sanctuary in the world consequently. The territory, officially instituted on Thursday, stretches over five countries of the Southern Africa, by common consent, with mutualisé their own zones of conservation. In total, 36 regions of Angola, the Zambia, Zimbabwe and of Botswana, compose the wonderful natural patchwork of an area about 440.000 square kilometres, identical in that of the Sweden. According to estimates, the wildlife sanctuary covers the epoch of house of 45 % of African elephants as well as that of more than 600 kinds of birds and 3.000 kinds of plants nowadays. The territory includes moreover falls Victoria, classified in the heritage of the UNESCO, and hang glider of Okavango, in Botswana. Besides the protection of kinds, “KAZA” was set up with the intention of allowing the animals to follow their roads of natural migration. In effect, until now these ways were unsettled by borders and conflicts imposed by the Human.
The civil war in Angola, notably would have, according to the specialists, made escape the herds of elephants, far from their habitat. The new zone of cross-border protection is the culmination of a prickly course. Various tries of installation of plan were hired in the past without culmination, in most cases because of the lack of taking into account of the local populations within initiative. The treaty, come into force on Thursday, envisages that communities can take advantage of such initiative notably by acquiring post offices and benefiting from an income in exchange for their involvement.
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